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Forensic Evaluation of Gunshot Wounds

From the Training Institute on Strangulation Prevention


Louisville Metro Police Surgeon Bill Smock, M.D., one of the country's leading law enforcement educators and expert in clinical forensic medicine, has developed an 8-hour training program to assist forensic nurses, law enforcement officers and prosecutors in the forensic evaluation of gunshot wounds.

The program is specifically designed for law enforcement officers and medical personnel involved with the investigation, evaluation and reconstruction of firearms-related incidents, including domestic and officer-involved shootings. The information presented will assist you in your investigation and ensure that your conclusions and findings are based upon the most up-to-date medical science and forensic evidence


  • How to correctly determine entrance versus exit wounds

  • A review of current medical literature on the accuracy of untrained physicians at differentiating entrance from exit wounds

  • How to accurately determine the range-of-fire

  • How to determine the direction of bullet movement in graze wounds

  • Appropriate evidence recognition, collection and preservation

  • What tests should you ask your crime lab to perform

  • How to determine the wound track

  • Forensic photography techniques

  • The investigation of officer-involved shootings: can you account for each round and wound?

  • Case studies: domestic and officer-involved shooting

  • Use and misuse of forensic terminology

  • Interviewing techniques: what questions will determine the truth behind what happened?

  • Recognition of staged shooting scenes

  • Wound ballistics and wounding: handgun versus rifle

  • A hands-on examination of spent bullets and cartridge cases

  • Radiographic identification of bullets

  • How to determine if the history is consistent with the physical evidence? How do you know?

Earlier Event: October 24
Survivor-Defined Success